Sugary Drinks Research: Future Research

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This is part of our Sugary Drinks & Latino Kids: A Research Review »

Future research needs

Further research could focus on differences in SSB consumption and the effect on obesity and health among Latino subgroups, as most studies that tease out results by racial/ethnic group focus on Mexican Americans.

More research is also needed on the beverages available and promoted in early child care settings and how new federal, state, and (where they have regulatory authority) local regulations impact this in both licensed and unlicensed child care settings.

Further research on the potential impact of SSB prices and taxes on Latinos, particularly youths, could be conducted.

It will be important to evaluate the taxes implemented in Philadelphia, Cook County, Ill., and the California cities of Berkeley, San Francisco, Oakland, and Albany, and in Mexico, as well as any other policies that are passed into law, especially their impact on multicultural communities.

Many cities and states have introduced legislation in recent years and a federal bill was introduced in mid-2014.

Research on removing existing sales taxes on bottled water and other low- or no-calorie alternatives, and on subsidizing these and other healthier alternatives, such as low-fat, low-sugar milk, unsweetened vitamin water and other beverages, could show whether positive pricing of alternatives affects SSB consumption.

Similarly, research on other pricing incentives and disincentives that alter the relative prices of fruits, vegetables, snack foods, fast foods, and more in ways that promote healthier eating could show how such policies affect total caloric intake, diet quality, and obesity.

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