Dr. David Acosta: Meeting the Need for Latinos in Medicine


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Growing up, David Acosta was blessed to be part of a loving Latino family with his mother and father, four brothers, and an abuelita in Southern California.  

They found joy in helping each other and others. 

Acosta realized in childhood he wanted to choose a future career that would bring joy to others – he decided to become a doctor. 

“I knew from an early age that I wanted to go into medicine and help out,” Acosta said. “My family [was] probably most instrumental in me going down this path.” 

Acosta went on to get his medical degree, practice medicine, and now serves as chief diversity and inclusion officer at the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC).   

But his path wasn’t always easy. 

The Cultural Side of Medicine  

Acosta was introduced to medicine and its importance at a young age through his abuelita, who was an “herbalista” (herbalist).   

She grew herbs and plants in her garden at their home. 

“When my parents would go off to work, probably about an hour later, we’d have all these certain people come to our door, asking for my abuelita,” Acosta said. “She was highly respected community.” 

Acosta formed a close bond with his grandmother.  

In the same way, Acosta also bonded with his family doctor. She lived only lived two blocks away and frequently visited to talk remedies and how to help the community with abuelita. He admired the way she treated and cared for him and his family members.  

“She was actually taking me under to really kind of teach me some of her things that she knew,” Acosta said.  

Seeing how both modern and traditional medicine were helping friends and neighbors, Acosta strengthened his desire to become a doctor.  

He found support for his goal from his parents, big proponents of education. 

“My dad loved school, but he was taken out of 6th grade to work in the fields. My mom was taken out in 8th grade, as well,” Acosta said. “I think that motivated them to stimulate how important education is. They didn’t want us to go through the same things they did.” 

But, despite strong family support, Acosta experienced discrimination on the way. 

Facing Discrimination and Barriers 

In high school, Acosta met with an advisor to discuss his plan to go into medicine. 

The advisor, expressing doubt in his abilities to make it as a doctor, instead suggested Acosta go to trade school for mechanic or carpentry work.  

“I remember walking out very angry. But, you know, I didn’t say anything because I respected him, right? You’re not supposed to say anything,” Acosta said.  

After the incident, Acosta’s mother noticed he was acting differently. She confronted him and he told her what the advisor said.  

While she was angry, too, she gave him important advice.  

“You need to translate that energy of anger into really proving them wrong, show them that you can do this, show them that you’re Latino,” Acosta recalled his mother telling him.  

Thankfully, Acosta could lean on his older brother, Lou, who pursued a medical degree, too.  

“[Lou] had tenacity and grit, you know, in the sense of knowing what he wanted,” Acosta said.  

Still, Acosta didn’t have someone to help navigate his educational pathway.  

He also failed his Step 1 Board exam – twice. 

“I was absolutely devastated and ashamed. Almost all of my classmates passed the exam on their first attempt and moved on to their clinical years. I was left behind. I felt like an imposter,” Acosta said. 

He began second-guessing his career choice. But he remembered his brother Lou.  

“His voice inside my head kept saying, ‘It is reachable if you want it bad enough,’” Acosta said. 

Acosta wanted to prove his doubters wrong and overcome his challenges, so he changed his studying habits to better fit his learning style. 

He passed the Board exam by 25 points.  

He went on to earn his medical degree from the University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, after receiving his bachelor’s degree in biology from Loyola Marymount University.   

He completed his residency training at Community Hospital of Sonoma County in Santa Rosa, California. He did a faculty development fellowship at the University of Washington Department of Family Medicine, where he eventually served as a clinical professor along with several leadership roles. 

Acosta cemented his love for practicing and teaching medicine. 

“I was a biology TA for two years [at Loyola Marymount University] and I just loved it, I totally loved it. When I got to medical school, I continued that by being a TA for histology, and another class as well,” Acosta said. “It just reinvigorated that, how cool could it be to practice medicine, but also teach at the same time?” 

Bringing Cultural Humility to Medical Practice   

As he cared for people’s medical needs, Acosta quickly understood the impact having a Latino doctor made on Latino patients. 

“I felt that I got closer, you know, to my Latino patients, especially first generation,” Acosta said. “They were more open to talking.”   

He shared his family values as he practiced medicine in rural community health centers.  

“I also worked in a migrant farm worker clinic, my family practice place, and that really excited me about community medicine and working with migrants,” Acosta said. 

Acosta also discovered how cultural humility could build patient trust.  

“Just because you’ve taken care of Latinos doesn’t necessarily mean that you’re an expert at taking care of Latinos,” Acosta said. “We’re such a heterogeneous group.” 

His time as a doctor also helped him identify the need for a diverse healthcare workforce.  

The Need for Latino Representation in Medicine   

Acosta knows that, despite Latinos making up 19.1% of the total US population, they only account for 6% of US physicians.  

The lack of Latino representation in medicine ultimately contributes to health disparities that Latino patients face including miscommunication and language barriers and lack of trust and hesitation within the healthcare system. 

That is why, during his time at the University of Washington, Acosta made it a mission to teach others about Latino and the health disparities they face by creating a pathway program for students who wanted to work with Latino communities.  

He eventually became the first chief diversity officer at the University of Washington School of Medicine, where he set up its Center for Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion. He also served as senior associate dean for equity, diversion and inclusion at the University of California, Davis. 

In his current role with AAMC, he and his staff work with 157 US medical schools, 13 Canadian schools, and over 400 teaching hospitals to address diversity, equity, and inclusion.  

“We really assist them to guide them, validate them, provide them with resources and tools that really help them in their development of curriculum, research, clinical rotations, those sorts of things as well, to solve the problem,” Acosta said.  

Paying it Forward for the Next Generation 

Acosta urged young Latinos looking to be in medicine, to not let misinformation, or a test score, discourage them from pursuing a medical career. 

He is quick to say, “¡Si Se Puede!” 

“The reality is that there are places in society for us and we need to be at the table, need to be at the table where decisions are being made,” Acosta said.  

He urges people to think critically about how they view other people. 

One way to do this is to download the Salud America!© Action Pack “Find Out If You Have Implicit Bias and What to Do Next to help you see if you have implicit bias, learn from others who have overcome their own bias, and also encourage others to learn about bias. 

“When you don’t have people who really understand what those communities are going through, it’s hard to address any issues,” Acosta said. “Where enrollment is challenged, it’s going to impact their health and only exacerbate those health inequities.” 

Reflecting back on his career, Acosta is most proud of hearing about his students’ successes. 

“You remember their stories and that is so life giving to me. In that sense, that’s when you know, that you’ve achieved something great,” Acosta said.  

By The Numbers By The Numbers


Big Excuses

people use to justify discriminatory behavior

This success story was produced by Salud America! with support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

The stories are intended for educational and informative purposes. References to specific policymakers, individuals, schools, policies, or companies have been included solely to advance these purposes and do not constitute an endorsement, sponsorship, or recommendation. Stories are based on and told by real community members and are the opinions and views of the individuals whose stories are told. Organization and activities described were not supported by Salud America! or the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and do not necessarily represent the views of Salud America! or the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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