Update: Coronavirus Case Rates and Death Rates for Latinos in the United States

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Latino Latinas Hispanics walkinig and wearing face masks amid COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic
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The coronavirus COVID-19 can affect anyone. But reports show Latinos and other people of color are disproportionately affected, amid worsening historical inequities.

What are the data really showing?

UPDATE 4/7/21: Various new U.S., state, and city data!

COVID-19 Case Rates for Latinos

Coronavirus is disproportionately sickening U.S. Latinos.

Latinos currently comprise 29.6% of COVID-19 cases in the United States, second only to Whites (49.7%), according to CDC data on April 7, 2021. Race/ethnicity data is available for over half of the nation’s cases (61%).

The U.S. COVID-19-associated hospitalization rates were 3.2 times high than the rate among Whites, according to CDC data last updated on Feb. 5, 2021.

States are also experiencing Latino coronavirus case disparities:

NYT with cdc data on covid cases for latinos and blacks, july 6, 2020Texas has a similar disparity. Latinos make up 39.7% of the state’s population. Latinos represent 36.3% of COVID-19 confirmed cases and 46.4% of COVID-19 confirmed deaths, according to state data as of April 2, 2021.

“This is robbing the Hispanic community of a generation of mothers and fathers and brothers and sisters,” Dr. Peter Hotez of Baylor College of Medicine told TPR.

Racial/ethnic COVID-19 disparities persist across the nation, according to the New York Times in July 2020.

“Latino and African-American residents of the United States have been three times as likely to become infected as their white neighbors, according to the new data, which provides detailed characteristics of 640,000 infections detected in nearly 1,000 U.S. counties,” the Times reports. “And Black and Latino people have been nearly twice as likely to die from the virus as white people, the data shows.”

Disparities are happening in vaccine uptake, too.

COVID-19 Death Rates for Latinos

The U.S. population recently rose to 18.5% Latino.

18.7% of U.S. COVID-19 deaths are among Latinos, according to a new CDC data web page, “Health Disparities: Race and Hispanic Origin.” That page was updated April 7, 2021.

Economic Fallout LatinosHowever, the Latino death rate became a more out-sized 34.5% when CDC used weighted population distributions. This is higher than the 26.7% mark from data at the end of May 2020.

“The weighted population distributions ensure that the population estimates and percentages of COVID-19 deaths represent comparable geographic areas, in order to provide information about whether certain racial and ethnic subgroups are experiencing a disproportionate burden of COVID-19 mortality,” CDC wrote.

CDC also warns this data may be incomplete. It doesn’t include all deaths that occurred during a given time period, given a one-to-two-week lag.

COVID-19 Death Rates for Latinos by Age

CDC is also tracking coronavirus death rates by race/ethnicity and age.

As of April 7, 2021:

Total deaths by race/ethnicity

  • Latinos: 100,761 have died due to COVID-19
  • Blacks: 78,896
  • Whites: 328,239
  • Asians: 21,008
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 6,206

Ages 0-24

  • Latinos: 40.6% distribution of COVID-19 deaths
  • Blacks: 24.3%
  • Whites: 26.9%
  • Asians: 3.2%
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 2.4%

Ages 25-34

  • Latinos: 41.7% distribution of COVID-19 deaths
  • Blacks: 23.8%
  • Whites: 23.7%
  • Asians: 4%
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 4.9%

Ages 35-44

  • Latinos: 45.6% distribution of COVID-19 deaths
  • Blacks: 22.7%
  • Whites: 22.5%
  • Asians: 4.1%
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 3.4%

Ages 45-54

  • Latinos: 40.6% distribution of COVID-19 deaths
  • Blacks: 21.7%
  • Whites: 29.8%
  • Asians: 3.9%
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 2.6%

Ages 54-64

  • Latinos: 30.5% distribution of COVID-19 deaths
  • Blacks: 21.2%
  • Whites: 41%
  • Asians: 4.1%
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 2%

Ages 65-74

  • Latinos: 21.5% distribution of COVID-19 deaths
  • Blacks: 18.1%
  • Whites: 53.6%
  • Asians: 4.3%
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 1.4%

Ages 75-84

  • Latinos: 15% distribution of COVID-19 deaths
  • Blacks: 13.2%
  • Whites: 66.4%
  • Asians: 3.8%
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 0.9%

Ages 85+

  • Latinos: 9.6% distribution of COVID-19 deaths
  • Blacks: 9%
  • Whites: 76.8%
  • Asians: 3.6%
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 0.4%

COVID-19 Death Rates for Latinos by State

CDC also has data on racial/ethnic state distribution of COVID-19 deaths, as of April 7, 2021.

Again, CDC included unweighted and weighted population distributions to add context for geographical outbreaks.

Alabama (4.4% of total state population is Latino)

  • 1.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 4.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Alaska (7.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 3.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Arizona (31.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 31% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 31.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Arkansas (7.7% of total state population is Latino)

  • 3.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 9.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

California (39.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 47.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 46.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Colorado (21.7% of total state population is Latino)

  • 24.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 23% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Connecticut (16.5% of total state population is Latino)

  • 10.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 19.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Delaware (9.5% of total state population is Latino)

  • 4.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 10% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

D.C. (11.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 14.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 11.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

rural latino hispanic farm worker health care coronavirus covid-19Florida (26.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 25.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 41.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Georgia (9.8% of total state population is Latino)

  • 5.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 11% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Hawaii (10.7% of total state population is Latino)

  • 5.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 10.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Idaho (12.8% of total state population is Latino)

  • 10.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 10.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Illinois (17.4% of total state population is Latino)

  • 16.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 25% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Indiana (7.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 3.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 10.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Iowa (6.2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 7.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Kansas (12.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 8.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 12.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Kentucky (3.8% of total state population is Latino)

  • 1.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 5.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Louisiana (5.2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 6.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Maine (1.7% of total state population is Latino)

  • N/A% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 1.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Maryland (10.4% of total state population is Latino)

  • 9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 13.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Massachusetts (12.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 7.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 12.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Michigan (5.2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 3.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 5.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Minnesota (5.5% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 6.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Mississippi (3.4% of total state population is Latino)

  • 0.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 3.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Missouri (4.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 4.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Montana (4.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 4.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Nebraska (11.2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 7.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 12.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Nevada (29% of total state population is Latino)

  • 25.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 31.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

New Hampshire (3.9% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

New Jersey (20.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 20.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 22.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

New Mexico (49.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 38.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 49.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

New York (19.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 11.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 17.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

North Carolina (9.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 11% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

North Dakota (4.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 1.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 3.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Ohio (3.9% of total state population is Latino)

  • 1.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 5.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Oklahoma (10.9% of total state population is Latino)

  • 6.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 15.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Oregon (13.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 11.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 13.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Pennsylvania (7.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 4.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 9.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Rhode Island (15.9% of total state population is Latino)

  • 8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 22.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

South Carolina (5.8% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 6.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

South Dakota (4.2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 1.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Tennessee (5.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 7.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Texas (39.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 45.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 45.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Utah (14.2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 15.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 17.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Vermont (2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 0% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 2.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Virginia (9.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 6.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 13% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Washington (12.9% of total state population is Latino)

  • 12% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 10.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

West Virginia (1.7% of total state population is Latino)

  • N/A Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 1.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Wisconsin (6.9% of total state population is Latino)

  • 4.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 11.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Wyoming (10.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 8.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 10.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

That means 41 of 50 reporting states and D.C. have an over-representation of Latino deaths, according to the weighted CDC data.

COVID-19 Case and Death Data in 5 U.S. Cities with Largest Latino Populations

Here is a look at COVID-19 rates by race/ethnicity in the most Latino cities.

1. New York City

29.1% of the total population is Latino.

Latinos have the largest number of cases and deaths per 100,000 people due to COVID-19.

COVID-19 Cumulative Case Rate per 100,000 People

  • Hispanics/Latinos: 8,000 per 100,000
  • Blacks: 5,847
  • Whites:5,704
  • Asians: 4,924

COVID-19 Cumulative Death Rate per 100,000 People

  • Hispanics/Latinos: 346 per 100,000
  • Blacks: 311
  • Whites: 185
  • Asians: 177

Source: NYC Health, accessed 4/7/21.

2. Los Angeles County (Home of Los Angeles)

48.6% of the total population is Latino.

Latinos are the group with the highest rates of COVID-19 cases and deaths.

Overall COVID-19 cases are dropping in the state, but disparities remain.

Latino hispanic man coughing sick health care ACA“The rate dropped from a peak of 2,452 new cases per 100,000 people in early January for Latino/Latinx residents to 139 new cases per 100,000 people as of February 27. Black/African American residents have the second highest case rate of 78 new cases per 100,000 people. White residents have a case rate of 73 new cases per 100,000 people and Asian residents have a case rate of 63 new cases per 100,000 people,” according to County of Los Angeles Public Health.

Disparities remain in COVID-19 deaths, too.

“When the surge began in early- November, the average number of Latino/Latinx residents who passed away each day was 3.4 deaths per 100,000 people and then sharply increased to 59 deaths per 100,000 people in mid-January. As of February 27, the mortality rate among Latino/Latinx residents has declined to 13 deaths per 100,000 people, yet still remains more than double that of other groups.”

Source: County of Los Angeles Public Health, 3/10/21.

3. City of Houston

44.8% of the total population is Latino.

Latinos are the group with the largest percentage of COVID-19 cases.

COVID-19 Cases

  • Hispanics/Latinos: 37.7%
  • Blacks: 27.1%
  • Whites: 33.1%
  • Asians: 1.9%

Houston lists cases by race/ethnicity on their coronavirus dashboard as of 4/7/21.

4. Bexar County (Home of San Antonio)

60% of the total population is Latino.

75% of COVID-19 cases are Latino.

COVID-19 Cases

  • Hispanics/Latinos: 75%
  • Blacks: 5%
  • Whites: 18%
  • Asian: 2%
  • Other: 0%

Source: San Antonio Metro Health Surveillance Dashboard. Numbers last updated 3/17/21.

5. City of Chicago

29% of the total population is Latino.

Latinos are 34.1% of COVID-19 cases.

Chicago Latino covid-19 case rates trends
Chicago case rates by race/ethnicity, as of 11/18/20.

COVID-19 Cases (Percentage)

  • Hispanics/Latinos: 34.1%
  • Blacks: 17.5%
  • Whites: 19.5%
  • Asians: 2.7%
  • Other: 4.7%
  • Unknown: 21.5%

Source: Chicago.gov, accessed 4/7/21.

San Francisco’s Big Coronavirus Testing Blitz Reveals Wide Disparities

Dr. Diane Havlir, of the University of California, San Francisco, galvanized community support and tested over 3,000 adults and children for coronavirus, including the Mission District, one of the city’s largest Latino neighborhoods.

The results left her spellbound.

“While Havlir expected to see the Latinx community hit hard by the virus, the actual numbers came as a shock. About 2% of people tested positive for the coronavirus. Nearly all of them — 95% — were Latinx,” according to statnews.com. “The other 5% were Asian or Pacific Islander. Not a single white person tested positive, though 34% of the tract’s residents are white, according to the U.S. Census; 58% are Hispanic.”

Coronavirus covid-19 SF casesThe data also found that most of those who tested positive (82%) reported having been financially affected by economic fallout of the pandemic.

Only 10% reported being able to work from home.

“The virus exploits pre-existing vulnerabilities in our society,” Havlir said in a statement. “We have already seen that 84 percent of people coming into [Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center] for treatment for COVID-19 are Latinx, and our community-based screening study emphasizes how high infection risk continues to be for this population. Hopefully, with this data we can respond and start putting resources to work towards more equity in supporting this highly impacted community.”

What Does All This Coronavirus Case and Death Data Really Mean?

It means Latino face a heavy burden of coronavirus.

Latinos are highly exposed to the virus as essential workers.

Also, this population suffers from inequities in income, health care access, access to food, and more. Poverty rates also play a large role, as do fears of impact on daily life.

Latino undocumented immigrants often don’t benefit from unemployment aid or stimulus checks, either.

But we can overcome our biases.

We also need policies to address social support for Latinos in poverty, such as these 10 strategies.

“Capable and healthy adults are the foundation of any well-functioning society,” said Greg Duncan of University of California, Irvine, in a news release. “But because millions of American children are in families living below the poverty line, this future is not as secure as it could be.”

Latinos Also Vaccinated for COVID-19 at Far Lower Rates than White People

As the Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, and other COVID-19 vaccines continue to be distributed across the country and other vaccines emerge, several states are beginning to report the demographic makeup of their vaccine distribution numbers.

Unfortunately, Latinos make up a very low percentage of those getting a vaccine.

35 of 50 states report a racial/ethnic breakdown of their COVID-19 vaccine distribution numbers that specify Hispanics/Latinos, as of March 8, 2021. All states that have reported demographics of vaccine distribution show that Latinos are getting vaccinated at a much lower rate.

See the full vaccine uptake data.

Lack of access and vaccine hesitancy, amid historic systemic discrimination and bias, might be part of the reason. Learn five important ways to build trust and address vaccine hesitancy!

What Can You Do?

Check out how coronavirus is impacting Latinos. Here are 19 ways to push for health equity amid coronavirus.

You can also get a “Health Equity Report Card” for your area!

Health Equity Report Card - 1Select your county name and get a customized Health Equity Report Card by Salud America! at UT Health San Antonio. You will see how your area stacks up in housing, transit, poverty, health care, healthy food, and other health equity issues compared to the rest of your state and nation.

Also, take a personal step to ensure the safety of our communities.

See and share our Salud America!Juntos, We Can Stop COVID-19” digital communication campaign in English or Spanish to help Latino families and workers take action to slow the spread of coronavirus, including getting the vaccine (when available).

The #JuntosStopCovid campaign features culturally relevant fact sheets, infographics, and video role model stories to encourage Latinos to change their public health behaviors.

SEE AND SHARE THE CAMPAIGN!

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