Update: Coronavirus Case Rates and Death Rates for Latinos in the United States

by

Resource
mutual aid covid coronavirus pollution face mask
Share On Social!

The coronavirus COVID-19 can affect anyone. But reports show Latinos and other people of color are disproportionately affected, amid worsening historical inequities.

What are the data really showing?

UPDATE 6/10/21: New U.S., state, and city data!

COVID-19 Case Rates for Latinos

The U.S. population recently rose to 18.5% Latino.

But coronavirus is disproportionately sickening Latinos.

Latinos currently comprise 28.8% of COVID-19 cases in the United States, second only to Whites (50.2%), according to CDC data on June 9, 2021. Race/ethnicity data is available for 62% of the nation’s cases.

COVID-19-associated hospitalizations are also higher among Latinos.

latina reading in park bench with face mask to prevent covid-19 coronavirusStates are also experiencing Latino coronavirus case disparities:

Texas has a similar disparity. Latinos make up 39.7% of the state’s population. Latinos represent 35.8% of COVID-19 confirmed cases and 46.5% of COVID-19 confirmed deaths, according to state data as of June 9, 2021.

“This is robbing the Hispanic community of a generation of mothers and fathers and brothers and sisters,” Dr. Peter Hotez of Baylor College of Medicine told TPR.

Disparities are happening in vaccine uptake, too.

COVID-19 Death Rates for Latinos

18.4% of U.S. COVID-19 deaths are among Latinos, according to a new CDC data web page, “Health Disparities: Race and Hispanic Origin.” That page was updated June 9, 2021.

Economic Fallout LatinosHowever, the Latino death rate became a more out-sized 34.3% when CDC used weighted population distributions. This is higher than the 26.7% mark from data at the end of May 2020.

“The weighted population distributions ensure that the population estimates and percentages of COVID-19 deaths represent comparable geographic areas,” CDC wrote. “[This provides] information about whether certain racial and ethnic subgroups are experiencing a disproportionate burden of COVID-19 mortality.”

CDC also warns this data may be incomplete. It doesn’t include all deaths that occurred during a given time period, given a one-to-two-week lag.

COVID-19 Death Rates for Latinos by Age

CDC is also tracking coronavirus death rates by race/ethnicity and age.

As of June 9, 2021:

Total deaths by race/ethnicity

  • Latinos: 108,181 have died due to COVID-19
  • Blacks: 88,143
  • Whites: 356,212
  • Asians: 22,534
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 6,628

Ages 0-24

  • Latinos: 39% distribution of COVID-19 deaths
  • Blacks: 24.5%
  • Whites: 27.9%
  • Asians: 3.4%
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 2.2%

Ages 25-34

  • Latinos: 39.7% distribution of COVID-19 deaths
  • Blacks: 24.4%
  • Whites: 25.5%
  • Asians: 4%
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 4.6%

Ages 35-44

  • Latinos: 43.6% distribution of COVID-19 deaths
  • Blacks: 23.6%
  • Whites: 24%
  • Asians: 4%
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 3.2%

Ages 45-54

  • Latinos: 39.1% distribution of COVID-19 deaths
  • Blacks: 22.1%
  • Whites: 31.3%
  • Asians: 3.8%
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 2.4%

Ages 54-64

  • Latinos: 29.5% distribution of COVID-19 deaths
  • Blacks: 21.5%
  • Whites: 41.9%
  • Asians: 4%
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 1.9%

Ages 65-74

  • Latinos: 21% distribution of COVID-19 deaths
  • Blacks: 18.4%
  • Whites: 53.9%
  • Asians: 4.2%
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 1.4%

Ages 75-84

  • Latinos: 14.8% distribution of COVID-19 deaths
  • Blacks: 13.4%
  • Whites: 66.5%
  • Asians: 3.7%
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 0.9%

Ages 85+

  • Latinos: 9.6% distribution of COVID-19 deaths
  • Blacks: 9.2%
  • Whites: 76.6%
  • Asians: 3.6%
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 0.4%

COVID-19 Death Rates for Latinos by State

CDC also has data on racial/ethnic state distribution of COVID-19 deaths.

Again, CDC included unweighted and weighted population distributions to add context for geographical outbreaks. The data was updated June 9, 2021.

Alabama (4.4% of total state population is Latino)

  • 1.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 4.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Alaska (7.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 4.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 8.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Arizona (31.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 30.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 31.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Arkansas (7.7% of total state population is Latino)

  • 4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 9.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

California (39.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 47.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 46.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Colorado (21.7% of total state population is Latino)

  • 24.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 23% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Connecticut (16.5% of total state population is Latino)

  • 10.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 19.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Delaware (9.5% of total state population is Latino)

  • 4.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 10% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

D.C. (11.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 14.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 11.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

rural latino hispanic farm worker health care coronavirus covid-19Florida (26.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 25.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 41.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Georgia (9.8% of total state population is Latino)

  • 5.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 11% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Hawaii (10.7% of total state population is Latino)

  • 6.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 10.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Idaho (12.8% of total state population is Latino)

  • 10.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 10.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Illinois (17.4% of total state population is Latino)

  • 16.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 25% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Indiana (7.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 10.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Iowa (6.2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 7.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Kansas (12.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 8.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 12.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Kentucky (3.8% of total state population is Latino)

  • 1.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 5.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Louisiana (5.2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 6.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Maine (1.7% of total state population is Latino)

  • N/A% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 1.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Maryland (10.4% of total state population is Latino)

  • 8.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 13.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Massachusetts (12.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 8.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 13% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Michigan (5.2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 3.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 5.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Minnesota (5.5% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 6.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Mississippi (3.4% of total state population is Latino)

  • 0.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 3.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Missouri (4.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 4.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Montana (4.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 4.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Nebraska (11.2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 7.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 12.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Nevada (29% of total state population is Latino)

  • 25.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 31.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

New Hampshire (3.9% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

New Jersey (20.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 20.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 22.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

New Mexico (49.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 39.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 49.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

New York (19.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 11.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 17.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

North Carolina (9.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 11.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

North Dakota (4.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 1.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 3.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Ohio (3.9% of total state population is Latino)

  • 1.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 5.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Oklahoma (10.9% of total state population is Latino)

  • 6.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 15.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Oregon (13.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 10.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 13.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Pennsylvania (7.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 4.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 9.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Rhode Island (15.9% of total state population is Latino)

  • 8.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 22.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

South Carolina (5.8% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 6.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

South Dakota (4.2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 1.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Tennessee (5.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 7.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Texas (39.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 45.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 45.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Utah (14.2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 15.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 17.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Vermont (2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 0% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 2.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Virginia (9.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 6.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 12.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Washington (12.9% of total state population is Latino)

  • 11.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 10.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

West Virginia (1.7% of total state population is Latino)

  • 0.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 1.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Wisconsin (6.9% of total state population is Latino)

  • 5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 11.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Wyoming (10.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 9.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 10.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

That means 41 of 50 reporting states and D.C. have an over-representation of Latino deaths, according to the weighted CDC data.

COVID-19 Case and Death Data in 5 U.S. Cities with Largest Latino Populations

Here is a look at COVID-19 rates by race/ethnicity in the most Latino cities.

1. New York City

29.1% of the total population is Latino.

Latinos have the largest number of cases and deaths per 100,000 people due to COVID-19.

COVID-19 Cumulative Case Rate per 100,000 People

  • Hispanics/Latinos: 8,874 per 100,000
  • Blacks: 6,758
  • Whites: 6,279
  • Asians: 5,596

COVID-19 Cumulative Death Rate per 100,000 People

  • Hispanics/Latinos: 365 per 100,000
  • Blacks: 330
  • Whites: 197
  • Asians: 190

Source: NYC Health, accessed 6/2/21.

2. Los Angeles County (Home of Los Angeles)

48.6% of the total population is Latino.

Latinos are the group with the highest rates of COVID-19 cases.

Overall COVID-19 cases are dropping in the state, but disparities remain.

Latino hispanic man coughing sick health care ACAL.A. County’s adjusted case rate dropped from 1.2 new cases per 100,000 people to 0.9 new cases per 100,000, according to a press release May 25, 2021.

Latinos comprise over half of the county’s 1.2 million cases by race/ethnicity:

  • Hispanics/Latinos: 633,441
  • Blacks: 4,7036
  • Whites: 130,659
  • Asians: 56,705
  • American Indian/Alaska Native: 2,007
  • Other: 98,615
  • Under investigation: 208,141

Source: County of Los Angeles Public Health, 6/8/21.

3. City of Houston

44.8% of the total population is Latino.

Latinos are among the groups with the largest percentage of COVID-19 cases.

COVID-19 Cases

  • Hispanics/Latinos: 32.5%
  • Blacks: 22.8%
  • Whites: 26%
  • Asians: 3.5%
  • Other: 19.3%

Houston lists cases by race/ethnicity on their coronavirus dashboard as of 6/2/21.

4. Bexar County (Home of San Antonio)

60% of the total population is Latino.

75% of COVID-19 cases are Latino.

COVID-19 Cases

  • Hispanics/Latinos: 75%
  • Blacks: 5%
  • Whites: 18%
  • Asian: 2%
  • Other: 0%

Source: San Antonio Metro Health Surveillance Dashboard. Numbers last updated 5/25/21.

5. City of Chicago

29% of the total population is Latino.

Latinos are 33.3% of COVID-19 cases.

COVID-19 Cases (Percentage)

  • Hispanics/Latinos: 33.3%
  • Blacks: 18.9%
  • Whites: 19.3%
  • Asians: 2.8%
  • Other: 4.6%
  • Unknown: 21%

Source: Chicago.gov, accessed 6/2/21.

Colorado Latinos, Asians Suffer Biggest Increase in 2020 Death Rates

The death rate rose for all racial/ethnic groups in Colorado in 2020.

race deaths covid-19 coronavirusThat includes a 34% rise in death rates for Latinos and for Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. The rate also rose 31% for Blacks and 17% for American Indians and Alaskan Natives, according to a May 2021 Greeley Tribune report.

“COVID-19 was the biggest culprit, though all groups also saw increases in unintentional injuries, a category that includes drug overdoses. Suicide also increased for every group but white Coloradans, and deaths from Alzheimer’s disease were up for every group except American Indians,” according to the report.

A national study also found people of color were more likely to die of COVID-19 than their white peers.

In Colorado, Latinos face many inequities, including underlying obesity and diabetes, jobs on the front lines, relying on public transit, and living in crowded housing.

“Higher death rates reflect inequities that existed before COVID-19, not something about the virus itself, said Sarah McAfee, director of communications at the Center for Health Progress. People who are white were more likely to be able to insulate themselves from the virus by working from home and to have a financial cushion if they lost a job, while people of color are overrepresented in frontline jobs and may have nothing to fall back on after an economic setback,” according to the report.

What Does All This Coronavirus Case and Death Data Really Mean?

It means Latino face a heavy burden of coronavirus.

Latinos are highly exposed to the virus as essential workers.

Also, this population suffers from inequities in income, health care access, access to food, and more. Poverty rates also play a large role, as do fears of impact on daily life.

Latino undocumented immigrants often don’t benefit from unemployment aid or stimulus checks, either.

But we can overcome our biases.

We also need policies to address social support for Latinos in poverty, such as these 10 strategies.

“Capable and healthy adults are the foundation of any well-functioning society,” said Greg Duncan of University of California, Irvine, in a news release. “But because millions of American children are in families living below the poverty line, this future is not as secure as it could be.”

Latinos Also Vaccinated for COVID-19 at Far Lower Rates than White People

As the Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, and other COVID-19 vaccines continue to be distributed across the country and other vaccines emerge, several states are beginning to report the demographic makeup of their vaccine distribution numbers.

Unfortunately, Latinos make up a very low percentage of those getting a vaccine.

Rosa Herrera Español 243 of 50 states report a racial/ethnic breakdown of their COVID-19 vaccine distribution numbers that specify Hispanics/Latinos, as of June 2, 2021. All states that have reported demographics of vaccine distribution show that Latinos are getting vaccinated at a much lower rate.

See the full vaccine uptake data.

Lack of access and vaccine hesitancy, amid historic systemic discrimination and bias, might be part of the reason. Learn five important ways to build trust and address vaccine hesitancy.

You can build vaccine confidence in your area, too.

Help our Salud America! team share the stories of real Latinos who overcame misinformation, got the vaccine, reconnected with family, and are helping end the pandemic!

SHARE VACCINE CONFIDENCE STORIES

What Can You Do?

Check out how coronavirus is impacting Latinos. Here are 19 ways to push for health equity amid coronavirus.

You can also get a “Health Equity Report Card” for your area!

Health Equity Report Card - 1Select your county name and get a customized Health Equity Report Card by Salud America! at UT Health San Antonio. You will see how your area stacks up in housing, transit, poverty, health care, healthy food, and other health equity issues compared to the rest of your state and nation.

Also, take a personal step to ensure the safety of our communities.

See and share our Salud America!Juntos, We Can Stop COVID-19” digital communication campaign in English or Spanish to help Latino families and workers take action to slow the spread of coronavirus, including getting the vaccine (when available).

The #JuntosStopCovid campaign features culturally relevant fact sheets, infographics, and video role model stories to encourage Latinos to change their public health behaviors.

SEE AND SHARE THE CAMPAIGN!

Explore More:

Healthcare Access

By The Numbers By The Numbers

25.1

percent

of Latinos remain without health insurance coverage

Share your thoughts