Coronavirus Case Rates and Death Rates for Latinos in the United States

by

Resource
Latina hispanic wearing mask in public coronavirus covid19 pandemic death and case rates
Share On Social!

Coronavirus can affect anyone.

Reports who Latinos and other people of color are disproportionately affected, amid worsening historical inequities.

What are the data really showing?

UPDATE 6/2/20: Alarming new data from a large coronavirus testing blitz in San Francisco and a survey of 1.6 million that showed Latino disparities in coronavirus symptoms!

COVID-19 Case Rate Disparities for Latinos

Coronavirus is disproportionately sickening U.S. Latinos, The Guardian reports.

Here are some examples:

coronavirus covid symptoms usa today analysis 6-1-20Moreover, these data might not even show the full disparity.

In fact, one-third more Latino households than other households said someone in their home is experiencing coronavirus symptoms ranging from a dry cough to difficulty breathing, according to a June 1 analysis by USA Today of a marketing research company survey of 1.6 million people.

“Public health experts warn that the official statistics may be underestimating the virus’s toll on Latino communities wary of seeking medical care due to a lack of health insurance, and in many cases fear that going to a hospital will expose them to immigration authorities,” according to The Guardian.

COVID-19 Death Rate for Latinos in the U.S.

The U.S. population is 18.3% Latino right now.

The CDC shared racial/ethnic data on provisional death counts for COVID-19 on May 28, 2020.

16.4% of U.S. COVID-19 deaths are among Latinos.

Economic Fallout LatinosHowever, the Latino death rate became a more out-sized 26.8% when CDC used weighted population distributions.

“The weighted population distributions ensure that the population estimates and percentages of COVID-19 deaths represent comparable geographic areas, in order to provide information about whether certain racial and ethnic subgroups are experiencing a disproportionate burden of COVID-19 mortality,” CDC wrote.

CDC also warns this data may be incomplete.

It doesn’t include all deaths that occurred during a given time period, given a one-to-two-week lag.

“A full national picture of the racial impact was clouded by uneven reporting across states and counties,” according to the New York Times. “In many places, racial data for a large percentage of patients was unavailable, potentially skewing results. Other states provided no racial data.”

COVID-19 Death Rate for Latinos by State

CDC also had data on state distribution of COVID-19 deaths, as of May 28, 2020.

Again, they included unweighted and weighted population distributions to add context for geographical outbreaks.

Alabama (4.4% of total state population is Latino)

  • N/A% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 3.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Arizona (31.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 17.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 31.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

California (39.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 36.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 47.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Colorado (21.7% of total state population is Latino)

  • 21.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 23.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Connecticut (16.5% of total state population is Latino)

  • 9.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 19% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Delaware (9.5% of total state population is Latino)

  • N/A% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 9.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

D.C. (11.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 8.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 11.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

rural latino hispanic farm worker health care coronavirus covid-19Florida (26.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 23% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 46.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Georgia (9.8% of total state population is Latino)

  • 3.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 10.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Illinois (17.4% of total state population is Latino)

  • 19.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 25.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Indiana (7.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 3.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 10.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Iowa (6.2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 7.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Kansas (12.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 10.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 13.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Kentucky (3.8% of total state population is Latino)

  • N/A% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 5.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Louisiana (5.2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 8.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Maryland (10.4% of total state population is Latino)

  • 8.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 14.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Massachusetts (12.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 6.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 12.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Michigan (5.2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 5.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Minnesota (5.5% of total state population is Latino)

  • 2.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 6.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Mississippi (3.4% of total state population is Latino)

  • N/A% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 2.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Missouri (4.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • N/A% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 3.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Nebraska (11.2% of total state population is Latino)

  • 18.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 12.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Nevada (29% of total state population is Latino)

  • 20.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 31.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

New Hampshire (3.9% of total state population is Latino)

  • N/A% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 5.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

New Jersey (20.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 20.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 23.1% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

New Mexico (49.1% of total state population is Latino)

  • 14.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 44.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

New York (11.7% of total state population is Latino)

  • 15.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 18.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

North Carolina (9.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • N/A% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 11.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Ohio (3.9% of total state population is Latino)

  • 1.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 5.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Oklahoma (10.9% of total state population is Latino)

  • N/A% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 14.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Oregon (13.3% of total state population is Latino)

  • 9.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 13.7% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Pennsylvania (7.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 5.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 11.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Rhode Island (15.9% of total state population is Latino)

  • 5.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 22.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

South Carolina (5.8% of total state population is Latino)

  • N/A% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 6.3% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Tennessee (5.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 5.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 7.4% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Texas (39.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 30.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 41.5% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Virginia (9.6% of total state population is Latino)

  • 7.9% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 14.8% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

Washington (12.9% of total state population is Latino)

  • 10.2% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths.
  • 10.6% Latino distribution of COVID-19 deaths, when weighted for geographic outbreak areas.

That means 33 of 38 reporting states have an over-representation of Latino deaths, according to the weighted CDC data.

COVID-19 Case and Death Data in 5 U.S. Cities with Largest Latino Populations

Not much, if any, city race/ethnicity data is weighted geographically to highlight disparities amid large outbreaks.

Here is a look at the most Latino cities.

1. New York City

29.1% of the total population is Latino.

33.2% of COVID-19 deaths are Latino.

COVID-19 Confirmed Deaths

  • Blacks: 30.5% (4,623)
  • Whites: 27.6% (4,188)
  • Hispanics/Latinos: 33.2% (5,026)
  • Asians: 8.5% (1,295)

Source: NYC Health, accessed 5/28/20. Race/ethnicity information is often missing because it is not on the test requisitions from providers.

2. Los Angeles County (Home of Los Angeles)

48.6% of the total population is Latino.

40% of COVID-19 deaths are Latino.

Latino hispanic man coughing sick health care ACACOVID-19 Deaths

  • Blacks: 12%
  • Whites: 29%
  • Hispanics/Latinos: 40%
  • Asians: 17%

Source: County of Los Angeles Public Health, 5/27/20.

3. City of Houston

44.8% of the total population is Latino.

Houston lists cases by race/ethnicity on their coronavirus dashboard. They do not post death data by race/ethnicity.

As of May 28, 2020, here are the number of cases:

  • Blacks: 980
  • Whites: 753
  • Hispanics/Latinos: 1,900
  • Asians: 179

4. Bexar County (Home of San Antonio)

60% of the total population is Latino.

64.1% of COVID-19 cases are Latino.

COVID-19 Cases

  • Blacks: 9.6%
  • Whites: 23.4%
  • Hispanics/Latinos: 64.1%
  • Asians: 2.6%

Source: San Antonio Metro Health Surveillance Dashboard, 5/28/20.

5. City of Chicago

29% of the total population is Latino.

29.8% of COVID-19 deaths are Latino. 46.5% of COVID-19 cases are Latino.

COVID-19 Deaths

  • Blacks: 44.7%
  • Whites: 19.4%
  • Hispanics/Latinos: 29.8%
  • Asians: 5%

COVID-19 Cases

  • Blacks: 30.7%
  • Whites: 15.4%
  • Hispanics/Latinos: 46.5%
  • Asians: 2.9%

Source: Chicago.gov, 5/27/20.

San Francisco’s Big Coronavirus Testing Blitz Reveals Wide Disparities

Dr. Diane Havlir, of the University of California, San Francisco, galvanized community support and tested over 3,000 adults and children for coronavirus, including the Mission District, one of the city’s largest Latino neighborhoods.

The results left her spellbound.

“While Havlir expected to see the Latinx community hit hard by the virus, the actual numbers came as a shock. About 2% of people tested positive for the coronavirus. Nearly all of them — 95% — were Latinx,” according to statnews.com. “The other 5% were Asian or Pacific Islander. Not a single white person tested positive, though 34% of the tract’s residents are white, according to the U.S. Census; 58% are Hispanic.”

Coronavirus covid-19 SF casesThe data also found that most of those who tested positive (82%) reported having been financially affected by economic fallout of the pandemic.

Only 10% reported being able to work from home.

“The virus exploits pre-existing vulnerabilities in our society,” Havlir said in a statement. “We have already seen that 84 percent of people coming into [Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center] for treatment for COVID-19 are Latinx, and our community-based screening study emphasizes how high infection risk continues to be for this population. Hopefully, with this data we can respond and start putting resources to work towards more equity in supporting this highly impacted community.”

What Does All This Coronavirus Case and Death Data Really Mean?

It means Latino face a heavy burden of coronavirus.

Latinos are highly exposed to the virus as essential workers.

Also, this population suffers from inequities in income, health care access, access to food, and more. Poverty rates also play a large role, as do fears of impact on daily life.

Latino undocumented immigrants often don’t benefit from unemployment aid or stimulus checks, either.

But we can overcome our biases.

We also need policies to address social support for Latinos in poverty, such as these 10 strategies.

“Capable and healthy adults are the foundation of any well-functioning society,” said Greg Duncan of University of California, Irvine, in a news release. “But because millions of American children are in families living below the poverty line, this future is not as secure as it could be.”

What Can You Do?

Here are 19 ways to push for health equity amid coronavirus.

You can also get a “Health Equity Report Card” for your area!

Health Equity Report Card - 1Select your county name and get a customized Health Equity Report Card by Salud America! at UT Health San Antonio. You will see how your area stacks up in housing, transit, poverty, health care, healthy food, and other health equity issues compared to the rest of your state and nation.

You can email your Health Equity Report Card, share it on social media, and use it to make the case for community change to boost health equity.

Get your health equity Report Card!

Explore More:

Healthcare Access

By The Numbers By The Numbers

28

percent

of Latino kids suffer four or more adverse childhood experiences (ACES).

Share your thoughts